United Law Company


Dumping, in its legal sense, means export of goods by a country to another country at a price lower than its normal value. Thus, dumping implies low priced imports only in the relative sense (relative to the normal value), and not in absolute sense. Anti dumping is a measure to rectify the situation arising out of the dumping of goods and its trade distortive effect. Thus, the purpose of anti dumping duty is to rectify the trade distortive effect of dumping and re-establish fair trade. The use of anti dumping measure as an instrument of fair competition is permitted by the WTO. In fact, anti dumping is an instrument for ensuring fair trade and is not a measure of protection for the domestic industry. It provides relief to the domestic industry against the injury caused by dumping.

United Law Company (ULC) provides valuable and extensive advice to our clients in the area of Anti-dumping laws and notifications, Anti-circumvention laws and advice on combating smuggling and other illegal tax evasion strategies adopted by foreign exporters/manufacturers. ULC also provides to Pakistani/domestic clients with any anti -dumping duties levied on them in other countries with the assistance of qualified lawyers of that country.

Pakistan has liberalized its trade particularly over the recent past. Being one of the founding members of GATT (in 1947) and the WTO (in 1995), Pakistan is a natural partner in the new international trade regime.

While the liberal trade offers barrier-free access to international markets, it also posses competitive challenges to industries of developing countries. Besides, unhindered and free trade may entail unfair trade practices such as “dumping”. Realizing that Pakistan’s domestic industry may also face similar situations, the Government promulgated a law (The Anti-Dumping Duties Ordinance, 2000), which provides adequate remedy against dumping and its injurious effects on domestic industry.

The Anti-Dumping Duties Ordinance, 2000 gives effect in Pakistan to the WTO Agreement on Antidumping. The Ordinance empowers the National Tariff Commission to process an application against alleged dumping of a product and to impose appropriate antidumping duties.

Practice Spotlight:

Anti-dumping & Safeguard Duties

Anti-circumvention Laws

WTO Rules & Policies

Anti-dumping Policies, Laws and Notification

Challenging Anti Dumping Duties before Proper Authorities

Filing Appeals

Area of Practice

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